Understanding confusing issue of date rape and how it occurs

Only two to five percent of rapists are ever convicted and when an accusation of rape is made, the victim often becomes the focus of attention. Unfortunately, one prototypical conceptualization--a madman who waits for his next victim with a weapon in hand--is still prevalent. Most rapes, however, are committed by someone the victim knows.

Understanding confusing issue of date rape and how it occurs

Women are far more likely than men to be victimized by an intimate partner Kilpatrick et al. In fact, about three-quarters of all lone-offender violence against women in was perpetrated by someone known to the woman, compared with one-half of lone-offender violence against men Bachman and Saltzman, It is important to note that attacks by intimates are more dangerous to women than attacks by strangers: Women are also significantly more likely to be killed by an intimate than are men.

In29 percent of female homicide victims were killed by their husbands, ex-husbands, or boyfriends; only 3 percent of male homicide victims were killed by their wives, ex-wives, or girlfriends Federal Bureau of Investigation, Understanding Violence Against Women. The National Academies Press.

In one urban emergency room, violence was the most common cause of injury to women between the ages of 15 and 44 and the second most common cause of injury for all women Grisso et al.

Finally, women are far more likely than men to be sexually assaulted.

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The annual rate of rape is estimated to be 7. The exact dimensions of violence against women are frequently disputed, yet even conservative estimates indicate that millions of American women experience violent victimization.

The fear of violence, in particular the fear of rape, affects many more, if not most, women Gordon and Riger, A few researchers have even suggested that learning to cope with the threat of violent victimization is a normative developmental task for females in the United States Gilfus, In spite of the attention that has been paid to violence against women in recent years, the research endeavor is relatively young, and much remains unknown.

There really is no one field focused on violence against women per se.

Understanding confusing issue of date rape and how it occurs

For example, studies on rape and sexual assault are distinct from those on intimate partner violence, which is distinct from the nascent study of stalking. And all this research is separate from that on violence in general. Many of the studies in this newly emerging field of research on violence against women are at an early stage of scientific rigor.

The methodological weaknesses in the research on battering and rape have been discussed at length in other documents Rosenbaum, ; Gelles, ; Koss,; Rosenfeld, ; Smith, Much of the research on both victims and perpetrators is based on clinical samples, samples of convenience, or other nonrandomized samples, so one cannot draw general conclusions.

Sample sizes are often quite small. Only recently have sophisticated statistical analyses been used. Yet in spite of all the shortcomings, a lot has been learned about the extent of violence against women, about perpetrators of violence, and about the effects on victims.

What Is Violence Against Women? The term violence against women has been used to describe a wide range of acts, including murder, rape and sexual assault, physical assault, emotional abuse, battering, stalking, prostitution, genital mutilation, sexual harassment, and pornography. There is little consensus in the still evolving field on exactly how to define violence against women.

The major contention concerns whether to strictly define the word ''violence" or to think of the phrase "violence against women" more broadly as aggressive behaviors that adversely and disproportionately affect women.

Researchers in such fields as sociology and criminology tend to prefer definitions that narrowly define violence, definitions that can be operationalized.

For example, Gelles and Straus defined violence as "any act carried out with the intention of, or perceived intention of, causing physical pain or injury to another person. The NRC study also specifically excluded from its definition of violence such events as verbal abuse, harassment, or humiliation, in which Page 10 Share Cite Suggested Citation: However, in its consideration of family violence and sexual assault, the report did include the psychological consequences of threatened physical injury.

In contrast to those definitions, researchers in such fields as psychology, mental health, and social work frequently consider "violence" to cover a wider range of behaviors.

The Committee on Family Violence of the National Institute of Mental Health included in its definition of violence "acts that are physically and emotionally harmful or that carry the potential to cause physical harm … [and] may also include sexual coercion or assaults, physical intimidation, threats to kill or to harm, restraint of normal activities or freedom, and denial of access to resources.

Those who argue for these broader definitions suggest they more accurately represent the experiences of victims, who often say they find verbal and psychological abuse more harmful than actual physical abuse Walker, ; Follingstad et al.A.

Williams Instructor Stavenhagen WRT Date Here Annotated Bibliography: Male involvement in Rape Prevention on College Campus why rape occurs on college campuses, how often it occurs, and what can be done to prevent it. rape refers to sex that falls somewhere between consent and denial and is even more confusing than date rape.

Misconceptions: “Date rape” is a poor choice of words because often the situation is not a “date.” The two people could be at a club, a party, at a house, or a variety of different locations that would not be part of a date. Date Rape Debate Ends, Controversy to Continue to define date rape as sexual intercourse which occurs "against the will of the victim." define the issue, but it is unlikely that date rape.

Start studying Human Sexuality Chapter Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. *The issue of consent lies at the heart of determining if a sexual act is rape. Date rape occurs within a context in which sexual relations could occur voluntarily.

This is why the issue of consent is murky. In fact, I believe the only sensible way to understand these issues is through a feminist critique of — you guessed it — patriarchy. Rape and rape-like behavior.

Before wading into the reasons we need feminism, let’s consider a hypothetical: A young man and woman are on a first date. Rape: The Misunderstood Crime is an excellent resource for professionals and students of psychology, sociology, education, social work, criminal justice, and law who seek to dispel "rape myths" and wish to better understand the nature and dynamics of both the rapist and the victim.

Rape, rape culture and the problem of patriarchy - Waging Nonviolence