Jealousy Divorce Regarding financial instability, the earlier discussion on the real and potential economic losses associated with alcohol abuse, as well as debt, can easily trigger profound problems in a marriage. These emotions can all collect into a disorder known as codependency. Marriage and family therapist Darlene Lancer is an expert on codependency.
Specific Chronic Diseases and Conditions Associated With Alcohol Consumption Malignant Neoplasms The relationship between alcohol consumption and cancer already was suggested in the early 20th century, when Lamy observed that patients with cancer either of the esophagus or of the cardiac region were more likely to be alcoholics.
The accumulation of evidence supporting the relationship between ethanol and cancers led the International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC to recognize the cancer-inducing potential i. Specifically, the GBD study found that alcohol increased the risk of cancers of the upper digestive track i.
More up-to-date systematic reviews and meta-analyses on alcohol consumption and the risk of developing cancer have been published by Fedirko and colleagues for colorectal cancer, Islami and colleagues for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, Islami and colleagues for laryngeal cancer, and Tramacere and colleagues and Turati and colleagues for oral and pharyngeal cancers.
Figure 2 The relationship between increasing amounts of average daily alcohol consumption and the relative risk for cancer, with lifetime abstainers serving as the reference group.
A recent meta-analysis also has indicated that alcohol consumption is significantly linked to an increased risk of developing prostate cancer in a dose-dependent manner Rota et al. Additional research, however, is required on the biological pathways to prove the role of alcohol consumption in the development of this type of cancer.
Evidence also has suggested that stomach cancer may be linked to ethanol consumption Bagnardi et al. Thus, two recent meta-analyses found no association between alcohol drinking status i.
However, one meta-analysis did find an association between heavy alcohol consumption and the risk of this type of cancer Tramacere et al. For several types of cancer investigators have found a nonsignificant positive association with alcohol consumption, including endometrial Bagnardi et al.
However, because the relationship at least between alcohol consumption and endometrial and pancreatic cancer is modest i. The relationship between alcohol consumption and bladder and lung cancers is even less clear, with one meta-analysis finding that alcohol significantly increases the risk for both types of tumors Bagnardi et al.
These conflicting results may stem from the studies in the more recent meta-analyses adjusting for smoking status when assessing the risk relationship between alcohol and these cancers within individual observational studies Bagnardi et al. The biological pathways by which alcohol increases the risk of developing cancer depends on the targeted organ and are not yet fully understood.
|CDC - Fact Sheets-Alcohol Use And Health - Alcohol||Lung disease Mental disorders Beyond the harmful consequences for the person with the addiction, drug use can cause serious health problems for others.|
|Addiction and Health | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)||Excessive alcohol use led to approximately 88, deaths and 2. In the United States, a standard drink contains 0.|
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|What are the other health consequences of drug addiction?||Tweet Alcohol is one of the most commonly abused substances in America today. It is legal for adults over age 21, easy to obtain and fairly inexpensive.|
Factors that seem to play a role include the specific variants of alcohol-metabolizing enzymes i. For example, a deficiency in ALDH2 activity in people carrying a gene variant i. However, it is important to note that alcohol not only increases the risk of cancer but also may lower the risk of certain types of cancer.
For example, meta-analyses of observational studies have found that alcohol significantly decreases the risk of renal cell carcinoma Bellocco et al. Insulin resistance may play a key role in the development of renal cancer because people with diabetes, which is characterized by insulin resistance, have an increased risk of renal cancers Joh et al.
Diabetes Research has found that moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes3 Baliunas et al. Because development of insulin resistance is key in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes, it is thought that moderate alcohol consumption protects against the disorder by increasing insulin sensitivity Hendriks Such an alcohol-related increase in insulin sensitivity has been found in observational studies as well as in randomized controlled trials Davies et al.
Alternative explanations for the protective effect of moderate alcohol consumption involve an increase in the levels of alcohol metabolites, such as acetaldehyde and acetate Sarkola et al.
It is important to note, however, that although there is reason to believe that alcohol consumption is causally linked to reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, it currently is unclear whether alcohol consumption itself is a protective factor or if moderate drinking is a marker for healthy lifestyle choices that may account for some of the observed protective effect.
This type also is known as juvenile diabetes because of its early onset, or insulin-independent diabetes. Type 2 diabetes results from insulin resistance, which develops when the cells fail to respond properly to insulin.
It develops with age and therefore also is referred to as adult-onset diabetes. Thus, in observational studies consumption of large amounts of alcohol has been related to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes because higher consumption levels may increase body weight, the concentrations of certain fats i.
Figure 3 The relationship between increasing amounts of average daily alcohol consumption and the relative risk for diabetes and epilepsy, with lifetime abstainers serving as the reference group. Neuropsychiatric Conditions One of the neuropsychiatric conditions associated with alcohol consumption is epilepsy, which is defined as an enduring predisposition for epileptic seizures and requires the occurrence of at least one seizure for a diagnosis.
Alcohol consumption is associated with epilepsy, whereas alcohol withdrawal can cause seizures but not epilepsy Hillbom et al. Multiple possible pathways may underlie this relationship.
In particular, alcohol consumption may have a kindling effect, where repeated withdrawals from alcohol consumption by heavy drinkers may lower the threshold for inducing an epileptic episode Ballenger and Post Alternatively, heavy alcohol consumption may increase the risk of epilepsy by causing shrinkage of brain tissue i.
Another neuropsychiatric disorder considered to be causally linked to alcohol consumption is unipolar depressive disorder. This association is supported by the temporal order of the two conditions, consistency of the findings, reversibility with abstinence, biological plausibility, and the identification of a dose-response relationship.
One study determined the risk of depressive disorders to be increased two- to threefold in alcohol-dependent people see Rehm and colleagues [a] for an examination of the causal criteria.
The alcohol-attributable morbidity and mortality from unipolar depressive disorder currently cannot be calculated because the relationship may be confounded by several factors, including a genetic predisposition, environmental factors i. Research findings suggest that all of these pathways may play a role.
The pathways for the association between alcohol and unipolar depressive disorder in which alcohol does not play a causal role only affect the measurement of the alcohol-based RR for unipolar depressive disorder; however, they do not contradict the notion that alcohol is causally related to the development of unipolar depressive disorder via other pathways.
This conclusion results from the observation that depressive symptoms increase markedly during heavy-drinking occasions and disappear or lessen during periods of abstinence Rehm et al.
However, studies of these associations have generated highly heterogeneous results, and the design and statistical analyses of these studies make it impossible to rule out the potential effects of confounding factors Panza et al.Alcoholism has been known by a variety of terms, including alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence.
Today, it’s referred to as alcohol use disorder. Increased risk of motor vehicle accidents: Use of illicit drugs or misuse of prescription drugs can make driving a car unsafe—just like driving after drinking alcohol. Drugged driving puts the driver, passengers, and others who share the road at risk.
Effects Of Alcohol Abuse – Causes Liver Disease According to the National Center for Health Statistics, long-term alcohol abuse is the most prevalent trigger of death and ailments due to liver disease in the United State.
Alcohol abuse by parents is strongly associated with childhood abuse and neglect, and this type of mistreatment is a risk factor for every type of mental and behavioral health problem, ranging from mood disorders to anxiety disorders to substance abuse.
And regardless of its other effects, alcohol abuse in itself is a form of child abuse, since. In the case of prolonged drinkers, such as people who have alcohol use disorder, alcohol abuse can cause certain diseases to develop. The more educated Americans are about the physical impact of alcohol, the more opportunity they have to make smart decisions about alcohol consumption.
Alcohol abuse and alcoholism within a family is a problem that can destroy a marriage or drive a wedge between members.
That means people who drink can blow through the family budget, cause fights, ignore children, and otherwise impair the health and happiness of the people they love.