However an amendment is proposed, it does not become part of the Constitution unless it is ratified by three-quarters of the states either the legislatures thereof, or in amendment conventions. The following is a record of each ratified amendment and the states and dates that led to the ratification. The Constitutional Timeline and the Ratification Grid may also be of interest. As noted on those pages, the dates published here are based on the best information available.
Full Text PREAMBLE We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society, and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity, the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution.
The waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, regardless of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the Philippines. The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them.
The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the The ratification of the constitution accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations.
Civilian authority is, at all times, supreme over the military. The Armed Forces of the Philippines is the protector of the people and the State. Its goal is to secure the sovereignty of the State and the integrity of the national territory.
The prime duty of the Government is to serve and protect the people. The Government may call upon the people to defend the State and, in the fulfillment thereof, all citizens may be required, under conditions provided by law, to render personal, military or civil service.
The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property, and promotion of the general welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all the people of the blessings of democracy.
The separation of Church and State shall be inviolable.
The State shall pursue an independent foreign policy. In its relations with other states, the paramount consideration shall be national sovereignty, territorial integrity, national interest, and the right to self-determination. The Philippines, consistent with the national interest, adopts and pursues a policy of freedom from nuclear weapons in its territory.
The State shall promote a just and dynamic social order that will ensure the prosperity and independence of the nation and free the people from poverty through policies that provide adequate social services, promote full employment, a rising standard of living, and an improved quality of life for all.
The State shall promote social justice in all phases of national development. The State values the dignity of every human person and guarantees full respect for human rights.
The State recognizes the sanctity of family life and shall protect and strengthen the family as a basic autonomous social institution. It shall equally protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception. The natural and primary right and duty of parents in the rearing of the youth for civic efficiency and the development of moral character shall receive the support of the Government.
The State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nation-building and shall promote and protect their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual, and social well-being.
It shall inculcate in the youth patriotism and nationalism, and encourage their involvement in public and civic affairs. The State recognizes the role of women in nation-building, and shall ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men.
The State shall protect and promote the right to health of the people and instill health consciousness among them. The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature.
The State shall give priority to education, science and technology, arts, culture, and sports to foster patriotism and nationalism, accelerate social progress, and promote total human liberation and development. The State affirms labor as a primary social economic force. It shall protect the rights of workers and promote their welfare.
The State shall develop a self-reliant and independent national economy effectively controlled by Filipinos. The State recognizes the indispensable role of the private sector, encourages private enterprise, and provides incentives to needed investments.
The State shall promote comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform. The State recognizes and promotes the rights of indigenous cultural communities within the framework of national unity and development.
The State shall encourage non-governmental, community-based, or sectoral organizations that promote the welfare of the nation. The State recognizes the vital role of communication and information in nation-building.The approval from the legislative branch required to validate government agreements.
In the United States, amendments to the Constitution require the ratification of state legislatures, and international treaties require the ratification of the Senate. After the ratification of the Constitution in , the machinery of state had been designed, but not yet tested and put to use.
The provisions for management of foreign affairs would be put to the test in , when the Senate had the opportunity to accept or reject the controversial treaty with Great Britain negotiated by John Jay.
The featured document is an endorsed ratification of the federal Constitution by the Delaware convention. The names of the state deputies are listed, probably in the hand of a clerk.
The signature of the President of Delaware's convention, Thomas Collins, attests to the validity of the document, which also carries the state seal in its left margin. Letter of the President of the Federal Convention, Dated September 17, , to the President of Congress, Transmitting the Constitution.
Resolution of the Federal Convention Submitting the Constitution to Congress, September 17, Original Intentions: On the Making and Ratification of the United States Constitution [M. E. Bradford] on benjaminpohle.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
This persuasively argued, decidedly partisan work aims to recover the original United States Constitution by describing its genesis. The Constitution of the United States The Bill of Rights & All Amendments A highly accessible, easy to use online version full text transcript including the Bill of Rights and the rest of the Amendments with both sequential and subject indexes.