The proceedings of a conference. For major publishing houses, van Leunen recommends omitting the information entirely.
Lewis's Life and Influence As we've already seen, part of Lewis's significance came from the breadth of subject matter on which he made major contributions. It is hard to think of a philosopher since Hume who has contributed so much to so many fields.
And in all of these cases, Lewis's contributions involved defending, or in many cases articulating, a big picture theory of the subject matter, as well as an account of how the details worked. Because of all his work on the details of various subjects, his writings were a font of ideas even for those who didn't agree with the bigger picture.
And he was almost invariably clear about which details were relevant only to his particular big picture, and which were relevant to anyone who worked on the subject.
Lewis was born in Oberlin, Ohio into two academics. He was an undergraduate at Swarthmore College.
During his undergraduate years, his interest in philosophy was stimulated by a year abroad in Oxford, where he heard J.
Austin's final series of lectures, and was tutored by Iris Murdoch. He returned to Swarthmore as a philosophy major, and never looked back. He studied at Harvard for his Ph. Quine that became his first book, Convention. He remained at Princeton until his death in While at Harvard he met his wife Stephanie.
They remained married throughout Lewis's life, jointly attended numerous conferences, and co-authored three papers. Lewis visited Australia in, every year from toand again shortly before his death in Lewis published four books: His numerous papers have been largely collected in five volumes: IPhilosophical Papers Vol.
This entry starts with a discussion of Lewis's first two books, then looks at his contributions to philosophy of mind. Sections 5 and 6 are on his metaphysics, looking in turn at Humean Supervenience and modal realism. Section 7 looks very briefly at some of the many works that aren't been covered in the previous five categories.
Convention David Lewis's first book was Convention a; note that all citations are to works by David Lewis, unless explicitly stated otherwise. It was based on his Harvard Ph. The book was an extended argument that language could be entirely grounded in convention.
There is a simple argument that this could not be so. Conventions are formed by agreement, agreements are made in language, so language must precede convention, not be grounded in convention.
In the foreward Quine contributes to Convention, Quine appears to express some sympathy for this argument. Lewis's response is to deny that conventions require anything like an agreement. Rather, on his view, conventions are regularities in action that solve co-ordination problems.
We can stumble into such a regularity without ever agreeing to do so. And such a regularity can persist simply because it is in everyone's best interest that it persist.
His thinking about these problems was heavily influenced by Thomas Schelling's work on co-operative games in The Strategy of Conflict Schelling Many of the key ideas in Lewis's book come from game theory.
The simplest cases in which conventions arise are ones where we are repeatedly playing a game that is purely co-operative, i.
In such a case, we may well hope for the equilibrium to persist.
At the very least, we will prefer the persistence of the equilibrium to any one person deviating from it. And we will have this preference even if we would prefer, all things considered, to be in some other equilibrium state.
In such a case, there may well be a practice of continuing to play one's part in the equilibrium that has been reached. This is a regularity in action—it involves making moves in the repeated game. Given that everyone else is following the regularity, each agent has a reason to follow the regularity; otherwise it wouldn't be an equilibrium.BibMe quickly generates BibTeX generic citation style citations and bibliographies.
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