A-G Absence of Evidence: In the story "Silver Blaze", Sherlock Holmes points out the vital non-clue of a dog failing to react to a mysterious visitor The scene where Holmes points this out serves as the page quote for the trope.
The Enlightenment The death of Louis XIV on September 1,closed an epoch, and thus the date of is a useful starting point for the Enlightenment.
The beginnings of critical thought, however, go back much further, to aboutwhere one can begin to discern a new intellectual climate of independent inquiry and the questioning of received ideas and traditions.
The earlier date permits the inclusion of two important precursors. Pierre Baylea Protestant forced into exile by the repressive policies of Louis XIV against the Huguenots, paved the way for later attacks upon the established church by his own onslaught upon Roman Catholic dogma and, beyond that, upon authoritarian ideologies of all kinds.
His skepticism was constructive, underlying a fervent advocacy of toleration based on respect for freedom of conscience. In particular, his Dictionnaire historique et critique ; 2nd ed.
The Histoire des oracles ; The History of Oracles complements this popular erudition by a rationalist critique of erroneous legends.
Fontenelle helped to lay the basis for empirical observation as the proper approach to scientific truth. Both Bayle and Fontenelle promoted the Enlightenment principle that the pursuit of verifiable knowledge was a central human activity. Bayle was concerned with the problem of evilwhich seemed to him a mystery understandable by faith alone.
But such unknowable matters did not at all invalidate the search for hard fact, as the Dictionnaire abundantly shows. Fontenelle, for his part, saw that the furtherance of truth depended upon the elimination of error, arising as it did from human laziness in unquestioningly accepting received ideas or from human love of mystery.
The baron de Montesquieuthe first of the great Enlightenment authors, demonstrated a liberal approach to the world fitting in with an innovative pluralist and relativist view of society.
His Lettres persanes ; Persian Letters established his reputation. A fictional set of correspondences centred on two Persians making their first visit to Europe, they depict satirically a Paris in transition between the old dogmatic absolutes of monarchy and religion and the freedoms of a new age.
At their centre is the condition of women—trapped in the private space of the harem, emancipated in the salons of Paris. The personal experience of the Persians generates debate on a wide range of crucial moralpolitical, economic, and philosophical issues, all centring on the link between the public good and the regulation of individual desire.
This great work brought political discussion into the public arena in France by its insistence upon the wide variation of sociopolitical forms throughout the world, its attempt to assess their relative effectiveness, and its assertion of the need, in whatever form of society, to maintain liberty and tolerance as prime objects of concern.
Whether as dramatist, historian, reformer, poet, storyteller, philosopher, or correspondent, for 60 years he remained an intellectual leader in France.
Above all, it was the growth of civilizations and cultures that particularly commanded his attention and formidable energy. He is best remembered for the tale Candidea savage denunciation of metaphysical optimism that reveals a world of horrors and folly. The Newberry Library, Louis H.
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The related journal papers and reports on factor associated with students lateness behavior and dealing strategies were downloaded with cut off limit from to 20 Chapter II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE This chapter describes the reviews of related research conducted both in India and Abroad.
The researcher finds out some of the reviews of literature .