References and Further Reading 1.
Punishment The imposition of hardship in response to misconduct. Punishments authorized in modern U. Some civil sanctions are punitive in nature. The primary aim, though, in most civil cases is to compensate the victim.
Punitive damages are intended to punish a party or set an example for similar wrongdoers. Though onerous, punitive damages in a civil case do not carry with them the same stigma attached to criminal punishment.
Human transgressions have been punished in various ways throughout history. The standard punishments in ancient Greek and Roman societies were death, Slaverymutilation Corporal Punishmentimprisonment, or Banishment.
Some punishments were especially creative. In ancient Rome, for example, a person who murdered a close relative was enclosed in a sack with a cock, a viper, a dog, and a monkey, and then cast into the sea.
The ancient punishments were brought to England. Until the nineteenth century, the death penalty, or Capital Punishmentwas imposed in England for more than different crimes.
Most of these crimes were petty violations, such as pick-pocketing or swindling. A defendant could be hanged, burned at the stake, or beheaded. In some cases the process of death was drawn out. A person found guilty of Treasonfor example, was placed on a rack and stretched, hanged until not quite dead, then disemboweled, beheaded, and quartered cut into four pieces.
Until the nineteenth century, corporal punishment in England could consist of whipping, branding, or the cutting off of a body part. Noses, ears, hands, fingers, toes, and feet were all subject to removal for criminal acts.
Often the body part sliced off was the part thought responsible for the act. A pickpocket, for example, might have a hand cut off, and a spy might lose an ear, tongue, or eye.
Corporal punishment could be inflicted in addition to other punishments, such as banishment, forced labor, or short-term incarceration. The American colonies adopted and cultivated the traditional punishments of England. The most common punishments were corporal and capital.
Petty criminals were often sentenced to a combination of corporal punishment and incarceration in jail for several months.Punishment versus Rehabilitation The criminal justice system has four objectives. I will be talking about two of them punishment and rehabilitation. When talking about these two objectives, society looks at these two with high expectations and will the justice system live up to these expectations.
Sep 29, · Capital Punishment According To Ethical Theories The Ethical Theories of Punishment: Following are different approaches of capital punishment: • Vengeance • Retribution • Deterrence • Incapacitation Vengeance. Rational choice; Social control; Social disorganization “Better out than in” is Norway’s Correctional Service unofficial motto that is in view with their rehabilitative system as a justice to society by integrating inmates also, has stated in various judgments that, while punishment remains one of the aims of imprisonment, the.
Read Corrections Theories: Rehabilitation benjaminpohle.comment free essay and over 88, other research documents. For the more serious offenses jail time is the punishment of choice, however, not always likely for first time offenders.
This is the best alternative to jail for sick, homebound offenders or pregnant women. Goals of Strategies /5(1).
A generation ago sociologists, criminologists, and penologists became disenchanted with the rehabilitative effects (as measured by reductions in offender recidivism) of programs conducted in prisons aimed at this end (Martinson ).
The best justification of punishment is also not purely retributivist. The retributive justification of. Port Manteaux churns out silly new words when you feed it an idea or two. Enter a word (or two) above and you'll get back a bunch of portmanteaux created by jamming together words that are conceptually related to your inputs..
For example, enter "giraffe" and you'll get .