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Early career[ edit ] Thomas E.
He was of entirely English descent. Watson later studied law and was admitted to the Georgia bar in He joined the Democratic Party and in was elected to the Georgia Legislature.
As a state legislator, Watson struggled unsuccessfully to curb the abuses of the powerful railroad corporations. A bill subjecting railroads to county property taxes was voted down after U. Brown offered to provide the legislators with round-trip train fares to the Louisville Exposition of In disgust, Watson resigned his seat and returned to the practice of law before his term expired.
Thurman in the election. Watson as a younger man.
He served in the House from until March In CongressWatson was the only Southern Alliance Democrat to abandon the Democratic caucus, instead attending the first People's Party congressional caucus. At that meeting, he was nominated for Speaker of the House by the eight Western Populist Representatives.
Watson was instrumental in the founding of the Georgia Populist Party in early The People's Party advocated the public ownership of the railroads, steamship lines, and telephone and telegraph systems.
It also supported the free and unlimited coinage of silver, the abolition of national banks, a system of graduated income tax and the direct election of United States Senators.
As a Populist, Watson tried to unite the agrarians across class lines, overcoming racial divides.
He also supported the right of black men to vote. The failures of the Populists' attempt to make political progress through fusion tickets with the Democrats in and deeply affected Watson. Rural Free Delivery[ edit ] Watson, though a member of a minority faction in Congress, was nonetheless effective in passing landmark legislation.
The most significant was a law to require the Post Office to deliver mail to remote farm families. Rural Free Delivery RFDlegislation that Watson pushed through Congress ineliminated the need for individuals living in more remote homesteads to pick up mail, sometimes at distant post offices, or to pay private carriers for delivery.
A massive undertaking, nationwide RFD service took several years to implement, and remains the "biggest and most expensive endeavor" ever instituted by the U. In this period, regular Democrats worked to reduce the voting power of blacks and poor whites to prevent such coalitions as the Populists, or alliances with Republicans.
Democrats controlled the state legislature: InGeorgia also instituted white primaries another way of excluding blacks in what had become a one-party state, where in African Americans made up He also served as editor and business manager of the People's Party Paper, published in Atlanta.
They were led to believe that Watson would become Bryan's running mate. After the Populist convention nominated Bryan, the latter announced that Arthur Sewalla more conservative banker from Maine, would be his vice presidential choice on the Democratic ticket.
This created a split in the Populist Party. Some refused to support Bryan, whereas others, such as Mary Leasereluctantly campaigned for him. Watson's name remained on the ballot as Bryan's vice presidential nominee on the Populist Party ticket, while Sewall was listed as Bryan's Democratic Party vice presidential nominee.
Watson receivedvotes for vice president, less than a quarter of the number of votes received by the Populist ticket. However, Watson received more votes than any national Populist candidate from this time on. Bryan's defeat damaged the Populist Party.The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican benjaminpohle.comg its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.
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Get Access. Populist Party Platform of Essay Sample. In the year of the Populist Party established a platform that immensely affected the farmers and the laborers in America.
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The People's Party (also known as the Populist Party or the Populists) Established in , as a result of the Populist movement, the People's Party reached its peak in the presidential election, when its ticket, The party's platform, Preceded by: Farmers' Alliance, Greenback Party, Union Labor Party.