If the topic or audience is academic, the voice should be academic.
The number of alternatives can vary among items as long as all alternatives are plausible. Plausible alternatives serve as functional distractors, which are those chosen by students that have not achieved the objective but ignored by students that have achieved the objective.
There is little difference in difficulty, discrimination, and test score reliability among items containing two, three, and four distractors. Avoid complex multiple choice items, in which some or all of the alternatives consist of different combinations of options.
Keep the specific content of items independent of one another. Savvy test-takers can use information in one question to answer another question, reducing the validity of the test.
Finally, designing alternatives that require a high level of discrimination can also contribute to multiple choice items that test higher-order thinking. Additional Resources Burton, Steven J. Guidelines for University Faculty, Cheung, Derek and Bucat, Robert.
How can we construct good multiple-choice items? Developing and validating multiple-choice test items, 2nd edition. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Validity of a taxonomy of multiple-choice item-writing rules. Applied Measurement in Education, 2 1, Morrison, Susan and Free, Kathleen.
Writing multiple-choice test items that promote and measure critical thinking. Journal of Nursing Education Many students trip over common obstacles in their college application essays.
For example, many students can’t see beyond the superficial prompt to construct an essay that positively communicates their personality and passion. You are here: Home › Blog › Writers Toolbox › Writing Life › An “Awesome” Exercise that Will Improve your Word Choice An “Awesome” Exercise that Will Improve your Word Choice Julie Apr 2 As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.
Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Improving word choice is more than memorizing a list of fancy words. It's a mindset. Improve writing by choosing the right word, the word that says what you mean.
Here are some useful hints and tips for students. Multiple choice test questions, also known as items, can be an effective and efficient way to assess learning outcomes.
Multiple choice test items have several potential advantages. Grammar Bytes! Grammar Instruction with Attitude. Includes detailed terms, interactive exercises, handouts, PowerPoint presentations, videos, and more!