Extent of corruption in Indian states, as measured in a study by Transparency International India. Darker regions are more corrupt  Corruption in many forms has been one of the pervasive problems affecting India.
This work finds that countries where income inequality is decreasing grow faster than those with rising inequality.
The single biggest impact on growth is the widening gap between the lower middle class and poor households compared to the rest of society.
Education is the key: In Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States, the cumulative growth rate would have been six to nine percentage points higher had income disparities not widened, but also in Sweden, Finland and Norway, although from low levels.
The paper finds new evidence that the main mechanism through which inequality affects growth is by undermining education opportunities for children from poor socio-economic backgrounds, lowering social mobility and hampering skills development.
People whose parents have low levels of education see their educational outcomes deteriorate as income inequality rises. By contrast, there is little or no effect on people with middle or high levels of parental educational background.
The impact of inequality on growth stems from the gap between the bottom 40 percent with the rest of society, not just the poorest 10 percent.
Anti-poverty programmes will not be enough, says the OECD. Cash transfers and increasing access to public services, such as high-quality education, training and healthcare, are an essential social investment to create greater equality of opportunities in the long run.
The paper also finds no evidence that redistributive policies, such as taxes and social benefits, harm economic growth, provided these policies are well designed, targeted and implemented.- Paper .pdf) / NBER Working Paper # / CEPR Working Paper # / Online Appendix / Cultural distance data Linguistic Cleavages and Economic Development (with Klaus Desmet and Ignacio Ortu ñ o-Ort í n) - in Victor Ginsburgh and Shlomo Weber (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Economics and Language, Chapter 15, pp.
. Disability Insurance is a central component of the Social Security program in the United States.
The number of disability insurance recipients rose from under 5 million in to nearly 9 million in , before beginning a gradual decline to just over million today.
The World Bank's Development Prospects Group conducts in-depth analysis of key global macroeconomic developments and their impact on World Bank member countries. The Prospects Group leads the World Bank’s forecasting work and produces the semi-annual Global Economic Prospects flagship report.
The Journal of Development Economics publishes original research papers relating to all aspects of economic development - from immediate policy. Coordinates. The National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) is an American private nonprofit research organization "committed to undertaking and disseminating unbiased economic research among public policymakers, business professionals, and the academic community." The NBER is well known for providing start and end dates for recessions in the United States. Community and Economic Development Research The following list of community and economic development topics are searched and linked to their Google Scholar™ web page. The web pages generated are searched using all the words in the main category and the topic as an exact phrase.
The Economic Research Department conducts research on monetary policy, macroeconomics, banking, financial markets, applied microeconomics, and the regional economy in support of the Federal Reserve Bank’s policy and public outreach functions.
James Poterba, president James Poterba is President of the National Bureau of Economic Research. He is also the Mitsui Professor of Economics at M.I.T. The value of economic analysis in development of policies to address social issues is also much broader than generally perceived.
Economists have played a critical role in the development of policies aimed at protecting endangered species and addressing global warming and climate change.