Their bodies were left horribly mutilated on the streets of Whitechapel. Their murderer was never caught. Although prostitutes at the time of their violent murders, three of the five had previously been married, according to records taken on April 3, She had moved to London from Sweden in where she had already worked as a prostitute.
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Economic transformation The Korean War marked the turn from economic depression to recovery for Japan. As the staging area for the United Nations forces on the Korean peninsula, Japan profited indirectly from the war, as valuable procurement orders for goods and services were assigned to Japanese suppliers.
The Japanese economy at the return of independence in was in the process of growth and change. Sustained prosperity and high annual growth rates, which averaged 10 percent in —60 and later climbed to more than 13 percent, changed all sectors of Japanese life.
The countryside, where farmers had benefited from land reformbegan to feel the effects of small-scale mechanization and a continuous migration to industrial centres. Agricultural yields rose as improved strains of crops and modern technology were introduced, as household appliances appeared in remote villages, and as the changing patterns of urban food consumption provided an expanded market for cash crops, fruits and vegetables, and meat products.
Efforts to control population growth, which had begun with the legalization of abortion in and included a national campaign to encourage family planningshowed considerable success, as the population stabilized and thereafter grew slowly.
Gains in economic output, therefore, were not offset by a rapidly expanding population, and steady industrial growth brought full employment and even labour shortages.
Two elements underscored rapid growth in the s. Under these influences the structure of the Japanese economy changed to concentrate on high-quality and high-technology products designed for domestic and foreign consumption.
In the s Japanese exports expanded at an annual rate of more than 15 percent, and in Japan revealed the first signs that it had a trade surplus.
The Japanese became enthusiastic followers of the American statistician W. At the same time, Japan was able to import, under license, advanced foreign technology at relatively low cost. With the addition of a youthful and well-educated workforce, a high domestic savings rate that provided ample capital, and an activist government and bureaucracy that provided guidance, support, and subsidies, the ingredients were in place for rapid and sustained economic growth.
Social change Two major changes were visible in the social life of the Japanese from to The first was the significant decline in the birth rate that stabilized the Japanese population. The second was the population shift from the countryside to urban centres. In addition to birth controlsuch factors as a more highly educated populace, postponement of marriage in favour of education and employment, and a desire for greater independence in early adulthood contributed to changing fertility patterns—as did the increasing conviction among many couples that it was in their economic self-interest to have fewer children.
As population growth slowed and the economy expanded, Japan faced a labour shortage that drew workers from agriculture, as well as from small and medium enterprises, to the new large-scale industries of the cities. In the Meiji period the rural population of Japan stood at 85 percent of the national total; by it was approximately 50 percent, and by it had fallen to less than 20 percent.
In the process, both village and urban life underwent significant changes. Factories were built in the countryside as industrialists tried to tap into the still-underemployed rural labour force.
Agriculture itself became increasingly mechanized and commercialized. As sons, and even husbands, went off to the factories, women, children, and the elderly were often left to run the family farm. At the same time, the face of rural Japan changed, with hard-surfaced roads, concrete schools, factories, and sales outlets for automobiles and farm equipment replacing the once timeless thatched-roof houses.
By the average farm household income had risen higher than its urban counterpart, providing considerable rural purchasing power.Ireland rejoins the elite group of economically “free” countries with an economic freedom score of , making its economy the 6th freest in the Index.
Webinar on Release of ACS Five-Year Estimates. The U.S. Census Bureau will hold a webinar on Nov. 27, , in advance of the Dec. 6 release of the American Community Survey five-year estimates.
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Answer a . Search and browse our historical collection to find news, notices of births, marriages and deaths, sports, comics, and much more. An exploration of the nature and history of capitalism.
Global capitalism, colonies and Third-World economic realities. In the first place, it's important to acknowledge and understand how contrasting customs and cultural backgrounds are likely to impact your marriage and family life. The way you're brought up is the way you'll live unless you make a conscious choice to embrace another option.